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WHS Training Online – How to Apply WHS/OHS Principles

WHS Training Online – How to Apply WHS/OHS Principles


The Activities at the end of each element will guide you to achieve the performance criteria. However, you will also need to acquire and demonstrate the necessary OHS/WHS knowledge and understanding. Therefore, you should include relevant notes and supporting evidence in your assessment portfolio and ensure you can explain:

  • the legal background to WHS risk management, including the roles and responsibilities of the person in charge of the business or undertaking (PCBU) and workers (including supervisors and contractors), the structure and forms of WHS legislation (including regulations), codes of practice, associated standards and guidance material, legislative requirements for WHS information and data, and consultation and methods of providing evidence of compliance with WHS legislation;
  • the requirements under hazard* specific WHS legislation and codes of practice, and the concepts of ‘hazard’ and ‘risk’ including the difference between hazard and risk;
  • the characteristics, mode of action and units of measurement of major hazard types, and basic physiology relevant to understanding the mode of action of physical, biological and chemical agents on the body and how they produce harm;
  • the basic principles of incident* causation and injury processes;
  • sources of WHS information and data;
  • types of hazard identification* tools and limitations of generic hazard and risk* checklists and risk ranking* processes;
  • the principles of WHS risk control including the hierarchy of control* and considerations for choosing between different control measures and a knowledge of standard industry controls for a range of hazards;
  • the principles and practices of systematic approaches to managing WHS and the role of other functional areas that impact on the management of WHS;
  • the basic principles of organisational behaviour and culture as it impacts on WHS and on change, and
  • ethics related to professional practice and professional liability in relation to providing advice.

As you work through the activities, also include in your assessment portfolio any reports and memos for which you have been asked. You should also have evidence of the relevant documents accessed or downloads collected. This may be through a resource file including electronic copies of the documents accessed.

Also you should clearly reference your work with full citations for any quotes or references and a list of all materials that provided background material for completion of an activity.

Required skills and attributes

You will also need to show you have the necessary skills and attributes for this unit. To do this, you should include in your assessment portfolio as much evidence as possible to show you can:

  • manage your own tasks within a time frame;
  • undertake basic research, including applying basic computer and information technology skills to access internal and external sources of information and data on WHS;
  • analyse relevant WHS information and data, and make observations of workplace tasks and interactions between people, their activities, equipment, environment and systems in order to carry out WHS risk management activities;
  • interpret information and data, including the use of simple arithmetic calculations and graphical techniques, to identify areas for improvement;
  • employ consultation and negotiation skills, particularly in relation to developing action plans and implementing and monitoring designated actions;
  • contribute to the assessment of resources needed for effective WHS risk management and, where appropriate, access the resources;
  • prepare reports for a range of target groups, including a health and safety committee; health and safety representatives; and managers and supervisors, using language and literacy skills appropriate to the task;
  • communicate effectively with personnel at all levels of the organisation, and with WHS and other specialists;
  • relate to people from a range of social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds and physical and mental abilities, and provide advice to others in the workplace

As noted in the Overview, this unit of competency is underpinned by the WHS risk management units at the Certificate IV level: BSBOHS403 Identify hazards and assess risks and BSBOHS404 Contribute to the implementation of strategies to control OHS risk.

LMIT delivers the Certificate IV in OHS and the Diploma in Occupational Health & Safety Completely Online.  The Advanced Diploma in OHS is also available via RPL only.

Published by: LMIT

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